Diabetes is a metabolic disorder that affects millions of people around the world. It is caused by a problem with the body’s ability to produce or use insulin, a hormone that helps to regulate blood sugar levels. Diabetes is divided into two main types: type 1 and type 2. Although both types of diabetes are similar in some ways, there are key differences between them that impact the way they are managed and treated.
Type 1 Diabetes
Type 1 diabetes, also known as juvenile diabetes, is an autoimmune disorder in which the body’s immune system mistakenly attacks and destroys the insulin-producing cells in the pancreas. As a result, the pancreas is unable to produce enough insulin to regulate blood sugar levels. Type 1 diabetes is typically diagnosed in children and young adults and is not preventable. Treatment for type 1 diabetes includes a combination of insulin injections, a healthy diet, and regular exercise.
Type 2 Diabetes
Type 2 diabetes is a metabolic disorder that affects the body’s ability to use insulin effectively. Unlike type 1 diabetes, type 2 diabetes is not an autoimmune disorder and is often the result of lifestyle factors such as obesity and a lack of physical activity. Type 2 diabetes is typically diagnosed in adults, but it is becoming increasingly common in children and adolescents. Treatment for type 2 diabetes typically includes a combination of medications, a healthy diet, and regular exercise.
Although type 1 and type 2 diabetes are both metabolic disorders, there are key differences between them that can affect the way they are managed and treated. It is important to understand the differences between the two types of diabetes so that you can make informed decisions about your health.